Constantius Chlorus

   Member of the tetrarchy (q.v.); father of Constantine I the Great (q.v.). A career army officer, he fought in Syria (q.v.) under Aurelian, was governor of Dalmatia (q.v.), and by 288 was praetorian prefect in Gaul (qq.v.) of the emperor (q.v.) Maximian. In 289 he had married Maximian's daughter Theodora, divorcing his previous wife Helena, the mother of the future Constantine I the Great (q.v.). In 293 Diocletian (q.v.) made him caesar (q.v.) and part of the tetrarchy. Constantius demonstrated his generalship by driving the usurper Carausius from Gaul (q.v.), and then reclaiming Britain (q.v.) from the rebel Allectus in 296. In 305, when Diocletian abdicated, Constantius was elevated to augustus (q.v.) of the West, with Spain (q.v.) added to his jurisdiction. He venerated sol invictus (the unconquerable sun), but he did not persecute Christians during the Great Persecution (q.v.) of 303-311. He died in York in 306, with his son Constantine by his side. Constantine was proclaimed by his troops as the new augustus of the West, in response to Constantius's last request.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Constantius Chlorus — Auf der Rückseite dieses in Antiochia unter dem Caesar Constantius Chlorus geprägten Argenteus sind die Tetrarchen dargestellt. Sie bringen ein Opfer für den Sieg über die Sarmaten. Flavius Valerius Constantius (* um 250; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Constantius I. — Auf der Rückseite dieses in Antiochia unter dem Caesar Constantius Chlorus geprägten Argenteus werden die Tetrarchen in einer Opferszene für den Sieg über die Sarmaten dargestellt. Flavius Valerius Constantius (* um 250; † 306; nicht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Constantius III — Not to be confused with Constantine III (western emperor). Constantius III Emperor of the Western Roman Empire Constantius on a solidus. The reverse …   Wikipedia

  • CONSTANTIUS THE PALE —    See CONSTANTIUS CHLORUS …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Constantius I. Chlorus — Constantĭus I. Chlorus (»der Blasse«), Flavius Valerius, geb. um 250 n. Chr., 229 von Diokletian zum Cäsar des Westens neben Maximian erhoben, bekam Gallien und Britannien, kämpfte 293 siegreich gegen den brit. Usurpator Carausius, 296 gegen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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